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SCIENTIA SINICA Vitae, Volume 51 , Issue 5 : 579-593(2021) https://doi.org/10.1360/SSV-2020-0345

Significance of plant taxonomy in Chinese material medica resources: the changes of family and genus category and standardization of scientific names in Chinese Pharmacopoeia

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  • ReceivedOct 16, 2020
  • AcceptedDec 22, 2020
  • PublishedFeb 4, 2021

Abstract


Acknowledgment

感谢中国科学院植物研究所王强副研究员对文章修改提出的宝贵和专业的意见; 感谢中国科学院植物研究所王钧杰博士对文章中拉丁名的正确书写提供专业的帮助; 感谢上海辰山植物园高级工程师刘夙的学术观点对文章部分观点起到重要影响.


References

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  • Table 1   Changes of Latin and Chinese names of Magnolia s. l. species in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils.

    厚朴

    Houpoea officinalis (Rehder & E.H. Wilson) N.H. Xia & C.Y. Wu

     

    Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils. var. biloba Rehd. et Wils.

    凹叶厚朴

    Houpoea officinalis (Rehder & E.H. Wilson) N.H. Xia & C.Y. Wu

    厚朴

    Magnolia biondii Pamp.

    望春花

    Yulania biondii (Pamp.) D.L. Fu

    望春玉兰

    Magnolia denudata Desr.

    玉兰

    Yulania denudata (Desr.) D.L. Fu

     

    Magnolia sprengeri Pamp.

    武当玉兰

    Yulania sprengeri (Pamp.) D.L. Fu

     

  • Table 2   Changes of Latin and Chinese names of Senna species in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Cassia acutifolia Delile

    尖叶番泻

    Senna alexandrina Mill.

    番泻叶

    Cassia angustifolia Vahl

    狭叶番泻

    Senna alexandrina Mill.

    番泻叶

    Cassia obtusifolia L.

    决明

    Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby

    钝叶决明

    Cassia tora L.

    小决明

    Senna tora (L.) Roxb.

    决明

  • Table 3   Groups of medicinal plants in Ch.P.

    类群

    数量

    比例(%)

    石松植物

    3

    0.498

    蕨类植物

    9

    1.495

    裸子植物

    9

    1.495

    被子植物

    581

    96.512

  • Table 4   Families containing 10 or more species and genera containing 5 or more species in Ch.P.

    科名

    数量

    属名

    数量

    菊科

    47

    贝母属(百合科)

    11

    豆科

    32

    李属(蔷薇科)

    10

    蔷薇科

    25

    龙胆属(龙胆科)

    9

    唇形科

    24

    大戟属(大戟科)

    8

    伞形科

    21

    柑橘属(芸香科)

    8

    芸香科

    19

    薯蓣属(薯蓣科)

    6

    毛茛科

    18

    豆蔻属(姜科)

    6

    姜科

    16

    人参属(五加科)

    6

    百合科

    14

    淫羊藿属(小檗科)

    5

    小檗科

    12

    铁线莲属(毛茛科)

    5

    禾本科

    12

    萹蓄属(蓼科)

    5

    龙胆科

    11

    钩藤属(茜草科)

    5

    蓼科

    11

    鹅绒藤属(夹竹桃科)

    5

    大戟科

    10

    忍冬属(忍冬科)

    5

    当归属(伞形科)

    5

  • Table 5   Changes of Latin and Chinese names in violation of priority principle in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Kadsura interior A.C. Smith

    内南五味子

    Kadsura heteroclita (Roxb.) Craib

    异形南五味子

    Acorus tatarinowii Schott

    石菖蒲

    Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton

    金钱蒲

    Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo

    铁皮石斛

    Dendrobium catenatum Lindl.

     

    Alpinia katsumadai Hayata

    草豆蔻

    Alpinia hainanensis K. Schum.

    海南山姜

    Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem.

    丝瓜

    Luffa aegyptiaca Mill.

     

    Viola yedoensis Makino

    紫花地丁

    Viola philippica Cav.

     

    Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc.

    川楝

    Melia azedarach L.

    Isatis indigotica Fort.

    菘蓝

    Isatis tinctoria L.

     

    Swertia mileensis T.N. Ho et W.L. Shih

    青叶胆

    Swertia leducii Franch.

    蒙自獐牙菜

    Syringa reticulata (Bl.) Hara var. mandshurica (Maxim.) Hara

    暴马丁香

    Syringa reticulata subsp. amurensis (Rupr.) P.S. Green & M.C. Chang

     

    Mentha haplocalyx Briq.

    薄荷

    Mentha canadensis L.

     

    Vitex trifolia L. var. simplicifolia Cham.

    单叶蔓荆

    Vitex rotundifolia L. f.

     

    Aucklandia lappa Decne.

    木香

    Aucklandia costus Falc.

    云木香

    Echinops latifolius Tausch.

    蓝刺头

    Echinops davuricus Trevir.

     

    Taraxacum borealisinense Kitam.

    碱地蒲公英

    Taraxacum sinicum Kitag.

    华蒲公英

    Xanthium sibiricum Patr.

    苍耳

    Xanthium strumarium L.

     

  • Table 6   Changes of Latin and Chinese names which are synonyms in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Asarum sieboldii Miq.

    华细辛

    Asarum sieboldii Miq.

    汉城细辛

    Asarum sieboldii Miq. var. seoulense Nakai

    汉城细辛

    Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Rehd. et Wils. var. cinereum Rehd. et Wils.

    毛青藤

    Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson

    风龙

    Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Rehd. et Wils.

    青藤

    Tinospora capillipes Gagnep.

    金果榄

    Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep.

    青牛胆

    Tinospora sagittata (Oliv.) Gagnep.

    青牛胆

    Boswellia bhaw-dajiana Birdw.

    Boswellia sacra Flück.

    阿拉伯乳香树

    Boswellia carterii Birdw.

    乳香树

    Commiphora molmol Engl.

    哈地丁树

    Commiphora myrrha (T. Nees) Engl.

    没药树

    Commiphora myrrha Engl.

    地丁树

    Aesculus chinensis Bunge

    七叶树

    Aesculus chinensis Bunge

    七叶树

    Aesculus chinensis Bge. var. chekiangensis (Hu et Fang) Fang

    浙江七叶树

    Fraxinus chinensis Roxb.

    白蜡树

    Fraxinus chinensis Roxb.

    白蜡树

    Fraxinus szaboana Lingelsh.

    尖叶白蜡树

    Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.

    党参

    Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.

    党参

    Codonopsis pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen

    素花党参

    Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz.

    北苍术

    Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC.

    苍术

    Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC.

    茅苍术

  • Table 7   Changes of Latin and Chinese names which are infraspecific names in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Dioscorea hypoglauca Palibin

    粉背薯蓣

    Dioscorea collettii var. hypoglauca (Palib.) S.J. Pei & C.T. Ting

     

    Clematis manshurica Rupr.

    东北铁线莲

    Clematis terniflora var. mandshurica (Rupr.) Ohwi

    辣蓼铁线莲

    Paeonia veitchii Lynch

    川赤芍

    Paeonia anomala subsp. veitchii (Lynch) D.Y. Hong & K.Y. Pan

     

    Abrus cantoniensis Hance

    广州相思子

    Abrus pulchellus subsp. cantoniensis (Hance) Verdc.

     

    Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi

    野葛

    Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S.M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep

     

    Pueraria thomsonii Benth.

    甘葛藤

    Pueraria montana var. thomsonii (Benth.) M.R. Almeida

    粉葛

    Aesculus wilsonii Rehd.

    天师栗

    Aesculus chinensis var. wilsonii (Rehder) Turland & N.H. Xia

     

    Fraxinus rhynchophylla Hance

    苦枥白蜡树

    Fraxinus chinensis subsp. rhynchophylla (Hance) A.E. Murray

    花曲柳

    Codonopsis tangshen Oliv.

    川党参

    Codonopsis pilosula subsp. tangshen (Oliv.) D.Y. Hong

     

    Cirsium setosum (Willd.) MB.

    刺儿菜

    Cirsium arvense var. integrifolium Wimm. & Grab.

     

  • Table 8   Changes in other conditions of Latin synonyms and Chinese names of species in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm.

    槲蕨

    Drynaria roosii Nakaike

     

    Dioscorea opposita Thunb.

    薯蓣

    Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.

     

    Fritillaria hupehensis Hsiao et K.C. Hsia

    湖北贝母

    Fritillaria monantha Migo

    天目贝母

    Lilium lancifolium Thunb.

    卷丹

    Lilium tigrinum Ker Gawl.

     

    Aloe barbadensis Miller

    库拉索芦荟

    Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f.

     

    Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour. var. prolifera Y.T. Ma

    湖北麦冬

    Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour.

    山麦冬

    Phragmites communis Trin.

    芦苇

    Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.

     

    Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. var. australis (Diels) Rehd.

    白木通

    Akebia trifoliata subsp. australis (Diels) T. Shimizu

     

    Citrus wilsonii Tanaka

    香圆

    Citrus × junos Siebold ex Tanaka

     

    Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck

    Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

     

    Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) Garcke

    麦蓝菜

    Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert

     

    Knoxia valerianoides Thorel et Pitard

    红大戟

    Knoxia roxburghii (Spreng.) M.A. Rau

     

    Euphorbia ebracteolata Hayata

    月腺大戟

    Euphorbia kansuensis Prokh.

    甘肃大戟

    Swertia mileensis T. N. Ho et W.L. Shih

    青叶胆

    Swertia leducii Franch.

    蒙自獐牙菜

    Laggera pterodonta (DC.) Benth.

    翼齿六棱菊

    Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & J.R.I. Wood

     

  • Table 9   Spelling errors in epithet of species in Latin names

    药典记载基源拉丁名

    药典记载基源中文名

    植物拉丁学名

    植物中文正名

    Pinus tabulieformis Carr.

    油松

    Pinus tabuliformis Carrière

     

    Berberis wilsonae Hemsl.

    小黄连刺

    Berberis wilsoniae Hemsl.

    金花小檗

    Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC.

    桔梗

    Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC.

     

    Panax quinquefolium L.

    西洋参

    Panax quinquefolius L.

     

  • Table 10   Species whose Chinese names correspond to other species in Ch.P.

    药典记载基源中文名与其对应的植物学其他物种

    药典记载基源植物的中文正名与拉丁学名

    天南星(Arisaema heterophyllum Blume)

    一把伞南星(Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott)

    泽泻(Alisma plantago-aquatica L.)

    东方泽泻(Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz.)

    七叶一枝花(Paris polyphylla Smith)

    华重楼(Paris polyphylla var. chinensis (Franch.) H. Hara)

    光叶菝葜(Smilax corbularia var. woodii (Merr.) T. Koyama)

    土茯苓(Smilax glabra Roxb.)

    薏苡(Coix lacryma-jobi L.)

    薏米(Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen (Rom. Caill.) Stapf ex Hook. f.)

    白茅(Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.)

    大白茅(Imperata cylindrica var. major (Nees) C.E. Hubb.)

    淡竹(Phyllostachys glauca McClure)

    毛金竹(Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis (Mitford) Stapf ex Rendle)

    紫堇(Corydalis edulis Maxim.)

    地丁草(Corydalis bungeana Turcz.)

    黄藤(Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griff.) Mart.)

    天仙藤(Fibraurea recisa Pierre)

    青藤(Pericampylus incanus (Colebr.) Miers ex Hook. f. & Thomson)

    风龙(Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson)

    决明(Senna tora (L.) Roxb.)

    钝叶决明(Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby)

    山杏(Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam.)

    野杏(Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Maxim.)

    西伯利亚杏(Prunus sibirica var. pubescens (Kostina) Nakai)

    山杏(Prunus sibirica L.)

    土贝母(Cremastra appendiculata (D. Don) Makino)

    假贝母(Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim.) Franquet)

    地锦(Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch.)

    地锦草(Euphorbia humifusa Willd.)

    丁香(Syringa oblata L.)

    丁子香(Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry)

    山香圆(Turpinia montana (Blume) Kurz)

    锐尖山香圆(Turpinia arguta Seem.)

    乳香树(Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr.)

    阿拉伯乳香树(Boswellia sacra Flück.)

    黄皮树(Phellodendron sinii Y. C. Wu )

    川黄檗(Phellodendron chinense C.K. Schneid.)

    冬葵(Malva verticillata var. crispa L.)

    野葵(Malva verticillata L.)

    胖大海(Scaphium scaphigerum (Wall. ex G. Don) G. Planch.)

    长粒胖大海(Scaphium lychnophorum (Hance) Pierre)

    桑寄生(Taxillus sutchuenensis (Lecomte) Danser)

    广寄生(Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser)

    酸浆(Physalis alkekengi L.)

    挂金灯(Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii (Mast.) Makino)

    尖叶白蜡树(Fraxinus americana L.)

    白蜡树(Fraxinus chinensis Roxb.)

    筋骨草(Ajuga ciliata Bunge)

    金疮小草(Ajuga decumbens Thunb.)

    蓍(Achillea millefolium L.)

    高山蓍(Achillea alpina L. )

    鹅不食草(Epaltes australis DC.)

    石胡荽(Centipeda minima (L.) A. Braun & Asch.)

    苦蒿(Artemisia lavandulifolia DC.)

    熊胆草(Eschenbachia blinii (H. Lév.) Brouillet)

    杭白芷(Angelica dahurica ′Hangbaizhi′ Yuan & Shan)

    台湾独活(Angelica dahurica var. formosana (H. Boissieu) Yen)

    狭叶柴胡(Bupleurum falcatum var. scorzonerifolium (Willd.) Ledeb.)

    红柴胡(Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd.)

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