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  • ReceivedMay 29, 2020
  • AcceptedJun 15, 2020
  • PublishedOct 15, 2020



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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of imaging spectroscopy

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Principle of FTS with Michelson interferometer

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Moving mirror tilted in Michelson interferometer

  • Figure 4

    Three TMFTIS types of high stability. (a) TMFTIS based on double pendulum interferometer; (b) TMFTIS based on ultra-rapid-scanning interferometer; (c) TMFTIS based on Perkin-Elmer Dynascan interferometer

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) Principle of SMFTIS and the interference pattern

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) Optical equivalent model of SMFTIS

  • Figure 7

    (Color online) Principle of TSMFTIS and the interference image

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) Interferogram extraction procedure of TSMFTIS

  • Figure 9

    (Color online) Schematic diagram of parallel sampling method

  • Table 1   Interference modulation depth of different lateral shearing interferometers
    Lateral shearing interferometer Modulation depth
    Sagnac $M_{\rm~I}(\nu)=1$
    Mach-Zehnder $M_{\rm~I}(\nu)=1$
    Lloyd $M_{\rm~I}(\nu)={\rm~sinc}(2\nu~w\sin\theta)$
    Fresnel $M_{\rm~I}(\nu)={\rm~sinc}(2\nu~w\sin\alpha\cos\theta)$
  • Table 2   Design characteristics of the high spatial resolution hyper-spectral imager
    Instrument parameter Instrument characteristic
    Orbit altitude 500 km
    Imaging mode Continuous pushbroom
    Ground sampling distance 2.5 m
    Spectral coverage 400–1000 nm
    Number of bands 64
    Parallel sampling times 4
    Maximum frame rate of detector 700 fps
    Pixel size 16 $\mu$m
    Quantum efficiency 0.81@645 nm
    Full well capacity 200000${\rm~e}^-$
    $F$# 5
    Integration time 0.179 ms
    Solar elevation angle $70^\circ$
    Albedo 0.3
    Output electrons of zero OPD 150156${\rm~e}^-$
    SNR of the interferogram at the center burst 500