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  • ReceivedMar 29, 2020
  • AcceptedMay 31, 2020
  • PublishedOct 15, 2020


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  • Figure 3

    The mechanism of intuition

  • Figure 4

    Intuitive decision architecture from the perspective of management

  • Figure 5

    Intuitive decision architecture from the perspective of decision theory

  • Figure 6

    Intuitive architecture from the perspective of kinematics

  • Figure 7

    EPAM architecture

  • Figure 8

    Intuition centred architecture for big data analysis and synthesis

  • Figure 9

    Intuition architecture based on mapping matching

  • Figure 10

    Relationship among membership function, nonmembership function and intuition index in intuitionistic fuzzy sets

  • Figure 11

    General machine intuition structure

  • Table 1   The definitions of intuition
    Scholar Research field Definition of intutition
    Jung (1933) [21] Psychology A psychological function that can unconsciously and meaningfully transmit perception and explore the unknown and perceive the possibility that may not be easily found.
    Westcott (1961) [22] Psychology Intuition is a kind of inferential thinking that can make judgment or prediction, and it can draw correct conclusion only using a small amount of information.
    Vaughan (1979) [23] Psychology Intuition has four different levels of consciousness: physical, body feeling; emotional, intuition through sensation into consciousness; mental, an ability to get accurate conclusions in the absence of information; spiritual, a entirety understanding of reality that transcends rational cognition.
    Dreyfus et al. (1986) [24] Philosophy Intuition treats the world in a fluid, holistic and situation-sensitive way.
    Rowan (1986) [25] Management Intuition is knowledge acquired without rational thinking, with a feeling of “almost, but not very well knowing".
    Simon (1987) [26] Management Intuition solidifies analysis into habit.
    Reber (1989) [27] Psychology Intuition may be the direct result of implicit, unconscious learning (without the participation of any introspective process).
    Ren et al. (1989) [28] Exercise science Intuition is a kind of cognitive way for athletes to quickly recognize, judge and estimate any phenomena in the competition and the results of their development based on the limited information.
    Bowers et al. (1990) [29] Cognitive science Intuition is a perception of coherence, which is not consciously expressed at first, but guides our thoughts to the direction of `hunch' or hypothesis.
    Vaughan (1990) [30] Management Intuition allows us to synthesize separate data and experience into a complete frame. It is a whole perception of reality, beyond the rational way of understanding.
    Parikh (1994) [31] Management Intuition is a reaction extracted from years of experience and expertise, or a choice made from some options, but it cannot consciously explain how we get the answer.
    Shirley et al. (1996) [32] Psychology Intuition is a sense of certainty when there is insufficient information, without the participation of rational thinking.
    Pacini et al. (1999) [33] Psychology Intuition is controlled by experience system and closely related to emotion and non-verbal knowledge.
    Sadler-Smith et al. (2004) [34] Management Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge or understanding directly without the interference of rational thinking or logical reasoning.
    Zhou et al. (2005) [35] Psychology Intuition is the ability to recognize or understand objects without logical and conscious reasoning. It is a thinking mode or ability opposite to logical analysis and conscious thinking.
    Miller et al. (2005) [36] Management Intuition can be conceptualized in two different ways: holistic hunch and automation expertise.
    Dane et al. (2007) [37] Management Intuition has the characteristics of unconsciousness and ensemble relevance, which has a faster processing speed than rational decision-making.
    Kuo et al. (2007) [38] Brain sciences Intuition is fast, automatic, emotional and effortless.