logo

Chinese Science Bulletin, Volume 61 , Issue 26 : 2901-2912(2016) https://doi.org/10.1360/N972016-00483

Progress and prospect of two dimensional carbon graphdiyne

More info
  • ReceivedApr 11, 2016
  • AcceptedJun 12, 2016
  • PublishedAug 31, 2016

Abstract


Supplement

补充材料

图S1 不同厚度石墨炔薄膜的电导率和空穴迁移率

本文以上补充材料见网络版csb.scichina.com. 补充材料为作者提供的原始数据, 作者对其学术质量和内容负责.


References

[1] Hirsch A. The era of carbon allotropes. Nat Mater, 2010, 9: 868-871 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[2] Haddon R C. Chemistry of the Fullerenes: The Manifestation of Strain in a Class of Continuous Aromatic Molecules. Science, 1993, 261: 1545-1550 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[3] Allen M J, Tung V C, Kaner R B. Honeycomb Carbon: A Review of Graphene. Chem Rev, 2010, 110: 132-145 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[4] Baughman R H. Carbon Nanotubes--the Route Toward Applications. Science, 2002, 297: 787-792 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[5] Kroto H W, Heath J R, O'Brien S C, et al. C60: Buckminsterfullerene. Nature, 1985, 318: 162-163 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[6] Pisana S, Lazzeri M, Casiraghi C, et al. Breakdown of the adiabatic Born–Oppenheimer approximation in graphene. Nat Mater, 2007, 6: 198-201 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[7] Novoselov K S. Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films. Science, 2004, 306: 666-669 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[8] Balaban A T, Rentia C C, Ciupitu E. Chemical graphs VI estimation of the relative stability of several planar and tridimensional lattices for elementary carbon. Rev Roum Chim, 1968, 13: 231-247 Google Scholar

[9] Baughman R H, Eckhardt H, Kertesz M. Structure-property predictions for new planar forms of carbon: Layered phases containing sp2 and sp atoms. J Chem Phys, 1987, 87: 6687-6699 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[10] Haley M M. Synthesis and properties of annulenic subunits of graphyne and graphdiyne nanoarchitectures. Pure Appl Chem, 2008, 80: 519-532 Google Scholar

[11] Coluci V R, Galvão D S, Baughman R H. Theoretical investigation of electromechanical effects for graphyne carbon nanotubes. J Chem Phys, 2004, 121: 3228-3237 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[12] Haley M M, Brand S C, Pak J J. Carbon Networks Based on Dehydrobenzoannulenes: Synthesis of Graphdiyne Substructures. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 1997, 36: 836-838 CrossRef Google Scholar

[13] Narita N, Nagai S, Suzuki S, et al. Optimized geometries and electronic structures of graphyne and its family. Phys Rev B, 1998, 58: 11009-11014 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[14] Li G, Li Y, Liu H, et al. Architecture of graphdiyne nanoscale films. Chem Commun, 2010, 46: 3256-3258 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[15] Li Y, Xu L, Liu H, et al. Graphdiyne and graphyne: from theoretical predictions to practical construction. Chem Soc Rev, 2014, 43: 2572-2586 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[16] Ivanovskii A L. Graphynes and graphdyines. Prog Solid State Chem, 2013, 41: 1-19 CrossRef Google Scholar

[17] Chen J, Xi J, Wang D, et al. Carrier Mobility in Graphyne Should Be Even Larger than That in Graphene: A Theoretical Prediction. J Phys Chem Lett, 2013, 4: 1443-1448 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[18] Cao J, Tang C P, Xiong S J. Analytical dispersion relations of three graphynes. Physica B-Condensed Matter, 2012, 407: 4387-4390 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[19] van Miert G, Smith C M, Juričić V. High-Chern-number bands and tunable Dirac cones inβ-graphyne. Phys Rev B, 2014, 90: 081406 CrossRef ADS arXiv Google Scholar

[20] Sun L, Jiang P H, Liu H J, et al. Graphdiyne: A two-dimensional thermoelectric material with high figure of merit. Carbon, 2015, 90: 255-259 CrossRef Google Scholar

[21] Qian X, Liu H, Huang C, et al. Self-catalyzed Growth of Large-Area Nanofilms of Two-Dimensional Carbon. Sci Rep, 2015, 5: 7756-7762 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[22] Jin Z, Zhou Q, Chen Y, et al. Graphdiyne:ZnO Nanocomposites for High-Performance UV Photodetectors. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 3697-3702 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[23] Xiao J Y, Li Y L, Meng Q B, et al. Efficient CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells based on graphdiyne (GD)-modified P3HT hole-transporting material. Adv Energy Mater, 2015, 5: 1401493 Google Scholar

[24] Kuang C, Tang G, Jiu T, et al. Highly Efficient Electron Transport Obtained by Doping PCBM with Graphdiyne in Planar-Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells. Nano Lett, 2015, 15: 2756-2762 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[25] Ren H, Shao H, Zhang L, et al. A New Graphdiyne Nanosheet/Pt Nanoparticle-Based Counter Electrode Material with Enhanced Catalytic Activity for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Adv Energy Mater, 2015, 5: 1500296 CrossRef Google Scholar

[26] Zhou J, Gao X, Liu R, et al. Synthesis of Graphdiyne Nanowalls Using Acetylenic Coupling Reaction. J Am Chem Soc, 2015, 137: 7596-7599 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[27] Li G, Li Y, Qian X, et al. Construction of Tubular Molecule Aggregations of Graphdiyne for Highly Efficient Field Emission. J Phys Chem C, 2011, 115: 2611-2615 CrossRef Google Scholar

[28] Srinivasu K, Ghosh S K. Graphyne and graphdiyne: Promising materials for nanoelectronics and energy storage applications. J Phys Chem C, 2012, 116: 5951-5956 Google Scholar

[29] Chandra Shekar S, Swathi R S. Rattling Motion of Alkali Metal Ions through the Cavities of Model Compounds of Graphyne and Graphdiyne. J Phys Chem A, 2013, 117: 8632-8641 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[30] Sun C, Searles D J. Lithium Storage on Graphdiyne Predicted by DFT Calculations. J Phys Chem C, 2012, 116: 26222-26226 CrossRef Google Scholar

[31] Zhang Y Y, Pei Q X, Wang C M. A molecular dynamics investigation on thermal conductivity of graphynes. Comp Mater Sci, 2012, 65: 406-410 CrossRef Google Scholar

[32] Zhang H, Xia Y, Bu H, et al. Graphdiyne: A promising anode material for lithium ion batteries with high capacity and rate capability. J Appl Phys, 2013, 113: 044309-044309 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[33] Du H, Yang H, Huang C, et al. Graphdiyne applied for lithium-ion capacitors displaying high power and energy densities. Nano Energy, 2016, 22: 615-622 CrossRef Google Scholar

[34] Hwang H J, Koo J, Park M, et al. Multilayer Graphynes for Lithium Ion Battery Anode. J Phys Chem C, 2013, 117: 6919-6923 CrossRef Google Scholar

[35] Huang C, Zhang S, Liu H, et al. Graphdiyne for high capacity and long-life lithium storage. Nano Energy, 2015, 11: 481-489 CrossRef Google Scholar

[36] Zhang S, Liu H, Huang C, et al. Bulk graphdiyne powder applied for highly efficient lithium storage. Chem Commun, 2015, 51: 1834-1837 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[37] Wu P, Du P, Zhang H, et al. Graphyne As a Promising Metal-Free Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reactions in Acidic Fuel Cells: A DFT Study. J Phys Chem C, 2012, 116: 20472-20479 CrossRef Google Scholar

[38] Yang N, Liu Y, Wen H, et al. Photocatalytic Properties of Graphdiyne and Graphene Modified TiO2 : From Theory to Experiment. ACS Nano, 2013, 7: 1504-1512 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[39] Zhang X, Zhu M, Chen P, et al. Pristine graphdiyne-hybridized photocatalysts using graphene oxide as a dual-functional coupling reagent. Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2015, 17: 1217-1225 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[40] Sakthivel T, Sang J K, Gunasekaran V, et al. Graphdiyne-ZnO nanohybrids as an advanced photocatalytic material. J Phys Chem C, 2015, 19: 22057-22065 Google Scholar

[41] Li J, Gao X, Liu B, et al. Graphdiyne: A Metal-Free Material as Hole Transfer Layer To Fabricate Quantum Dot-Sensitized Photocathodes for Hydrogen Production. J Am Chem Soc, 2016, 138: 3954-3957 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[42] Kim B G, Choi H J. Graphyne: Hexagonal network of carbon with versatile Dirac cones. Phys Rev B, 2012, 86: 115435 CrossRef ADS arXiv Google Scholar

[43] Zheng J J, Zhao Y L, Gao X F, et al. Two-dimensional carbon compounds derived from graphyne with chemical properties superior to those of graphene. Sci Rep, 2013, 3: 1271 Google Scholar

[44] Bu H, Zhao M, Zhang H, et al. Isoelectronic Doping of Graphdiyne with Boron and Nitrogen: Stable Configurations and Band Gap Modification. J Phys Chem A, 2012, 116: 3934-3939 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[45] Singh N B, Bhattacharya B, Sarkar U. A first principle study of pristine and BN-doped graphyne family. Struct Chem, 2014, 25: 1695-1710 CrossRef Google Scholar

[46] Gong J, Tang Y, Yang P. Investigation on field emission properties of graphdiyne–BN composite. J Mol Structure, 2014, 1064: 32-36 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[47] Lu R, Rao D, Meng Z, et al. Boron-substituted graphyne as a versatile material with high storage capacities of Li and H2: a multiscale theoretical study. Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2013, 15: 16120-16126 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[48] Liu R, Liu H, Li Y, et al. Nitrogen-doped graphdiyne as a metal-free catalyst for high-performance oxygen reduction reactions. Nanoscale, 2014, 6: 11336-11343 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[49] Zhang S, Cai Y, He H, et al. Heteroatom doped graphdiyne as efficient metal-free electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline medium. J Mater Chem A, 2016, 4: 4738-4744 CrossRef Google Scholar

[50] Qi H, Yu P, Wang Y, et al. Graphdiyne Oxides as Excellent Substrate for Electroless Deposition of Pd Clusters with High Catalytic Activity. J Am Chem Soc, 2015, 137: 5260-5263 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[51] Chen X, Gao P, Guo L, et al. Graphdiyne as a promising material for detecting amino acids. Sci Rep, 2015, 5: 16720 CrossRef PubMed ADS Google Scholar

[52] Sun L, Jiang P H, Liu H J, et al. Graphdiyne: A two-dimensional thermoelectric material with high figure of merit. Carbon, 2015, 90: 255-259 CrossRef Google Scholar

[53] Gao X, Zhou J, Du R, et al. Robust Superhydrophobic Foam: A Graphdiyne-Based Hierarchical Architecture for Oil/Water Separation. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 168-173 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar

[54] 黄 长水, 李 玉良. 二维碳石墨炔的结构及其在能源领域的应用. 物理化学学报, 2016, 32: 1314-1329 Google Scholar

  • Figure 1

    (Color online) The molecular structure (a) and planar configuration (b) of graphdiyne

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) Model of the molecular structure of GDY (a), SEM images ((b), (c)), and HRTEM image (d) of GDY film[21]

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) UV detector performance of GDY-ZnO nanofilm. (a) I-V curves of the fabricated photo-detectors; (b) comparison of the rise/decay times; (c)–(f) on-off switching properties of different photo-detector; (c) the ZnO photo-detector; (d) the GDY/ZnO bilayer photo-detector; (e) the GDY:ZnO photo-detector, and (f) the GDY:ZnO/ZnO bilayerphoto-detector[22]

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) Graphdiyne-based perovskite photovoltaic solar cell and its performance. SEM images of as-prepared perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 layer on mesoporous TiO2 ((a), (b)); pristine P3HT on perovskite layer (c) and P3HT/GDY on the surface of perovskite layer (d); (e) J-V characteristics; (f) IPCE spectra of perovskite solar cells[23]

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) Graphdiyne-based inverted structure perovskite solar cells and its performance. (a) Device architecture of perovskite solar cell; (b) J-V characteristic curves; (c) steady-state efficiency; conductive AFM images of ITO/PCBM (d) and ITO/PCBM:GD film (e)[24]

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) (a) Schematic illustration of the experimental setup. SEM (b)–(d) and AFM (e) images of graphdiyne nanowalls[26]

  • Figure 7

    (Color online) GDY film as an electrode material for lithium ion batteries and its performance. (a) Schematic of an assembled GDY-based Li-ion battery; (b), (c) cycle performance of the GDY-1, GDY-2, and GDY-3 electrodes; (d) rate performance of the GDY-1 electrode[35]

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) GDY/CdSe QDs as photocathodes for hydrogen production. (a) Schematic diagram of the photoelectrochemical cell; (b) open circuit potential response; (c) LSV scanning; (d) amount of evolved hydrogen and recorded charge carrier during photoelectrolysis; (e) controlled potential electrolysis of the CdSe QDs/GDY photocathode during 12 h test[41]

  • Figure 9

    (Color online) Pd/graphdiyne oxide (GDYO) composites as high efficient reduction for 4-nitrophenol. TEM images of Pd/GDY (a) and Pd/GDYO (c); HRTEM images of Pd/GDY (b) and Pd/GDYO (d). (e) Plots of ln(Ct/C0) as a function of the reaction time for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol catalyzed by four different catalysts[50]

qqqq

Contact and support