SCIENTIA SINICA Informationis, Volume 48 , Issue 9 : 1137-1151(2018) https://doi.org/10.1360/N112017-00283

An overview of the underwater search and salvage process based on ROV

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  • ReceivedDec 25, 2017
  • AcceptedMar 30, 2018
  • PublishedAug 30, 2018


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) Conch ROV

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) (a) “6000 m" deep sea ROV; (b) “Hippocampus" ROV

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) (a) The rescue ROV discovers the losing ROV; (b) the rescue ROV grabs the losing ROV

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) (a) Put the losing ROV in the basket; (b) the basket takes back the losing ROV

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) (a) Actual satellite imagery; (b) multibeam Sonar imagery

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) (a) Drop ROV from shipside; (b) drop markers based on the location of ROV

  • Figure 7

    (Color online) ROV observes the cage underwater

  • Table 1   Several representative multibeam bathymetric system
    Manufacturer Product model Vehicle Performance index
    ELAC Nautik ELAC SeaBeam 3020 Vessel Depth rating 50$\sim$9000 m, beam width 1$^{\circ}$/2$^{\circ}$, depth accuracy in accordance with IHO SP44 for depths greater than 100 m
    R2SONIC SONIC 2026 ROV/AUV, vessel Sounding depth 800 m, beam width 0.45$^{\circ}$$\times$0.45$^{\circ}$ (450 kHz), resolution 1.25 cm
    Atlas Hydrosweep MD/30 Vessel Sounding depth 5$\sim$7000 m, beam width 1$^{\circ}$$\times$1$^{\circ}$, resolution 6 cm
    Reson Reson SeatBat IDH T50-R Vessel Sounding depth 0.5$\sim$550 m, beam width 0.5$^{\circ}$/1$^{\circ}$/2$^{\circ}$, resolution 6 mm
  • Table 2   Several representative imaging sonar
    Manufacturer Product model Vehicle Performance index
    Teledyne BlueView BlueView P900 ROV/AUV, vessel, etc. 2D imaging sonar, depth rating 1000 m, beam width 1$^{\circ}$$\times$20$^{\circ}$, resolution 2.5 cm
    Tritech Gemini 720im ROV/AUV, vessel 3D imaging sonar, depth rating 200 m, beam width 90$^{\circ}$$\times$20$^{\circ}$, resolution 8 mm
    Teledyne BlueView BlueView BV5000 ROV/AUV 3D imaging sonar, depth rating 300 m, beam width 1$^{\circ}$$\times$1$^{\circ}$, resolution 1.3 cm
    Sound Metrics公司 ARIS VOYAGER 3000 ROV/AUV 3D imaging sonar, depth rating 4000 m, beam width 0.3$^{\circ}$$\times$15$^{\circ}$/0.2$^{\circ}$$\times$15$^{\circ}$, resolution 3 mm$\sim$10 cm
  • Table 3   Several representative ROVs in world and their configuration
    Manufacturer Product model Depth rating (m) Manipulator Main tools
    WHOI Jason 2/ Medea 6000 Two 7-function manipulators, Schilling Orion, Kraft Predator II 12 cameras, optional tools, samplers, etc.
    ISE HYSUB-150 6000 Two 7-function manipulators 6 cameras; optional tools,such as cutter, sampler, etc.
    MBARI Tiburon 4000 Two 7-function manipulators, Schilling Conan, Kraft Raptor 2 cameras, optional tools,such as drill, sampler, etc.
    MBARI (ISE) Ventana 1850 Two 7-function manipulators, Schilling Titan3, ISE Magnum 11 cameras, drill, etc.
    SAAB Seaeye Jaguar 6000 one 7-function manipulators, one 4-function manipulators, Schilling Orion 7P, Schilling Orion 4R 2 cameras, optional tools, samplers, etc.
  • Table 4   Several representative underwater operation manipulator
    Manufacturer Product model Vehicle Performance index
    FMC Schiling ORION 7P/7R light-/medium-class ROV 7-function position/rate controlled hydraulic manipulator, weight 54 kg (air)/38 kg (water), standard depth 6500 msw
    FMC Schiling TITAN 4 ultra-heavy work class ROV 7-function position controlled hydraulic manipulator, weight 100 kg (air)/78 kg (weight), standard depth 4000 msw/7000 msw
    FMC Schiling CONAN 7P light-/medium-class ROV 7-function position controlled hydraulic manipulator, weight 107 kg (air)/ 73 kg (water), standard depth 3000 msw
    SAAB Seaeye Hydro-Lek HLK-43000 light-class ROV 5-function manipulator, weight 6 kg (air)/4 kg (water), standard depth 80/160 bar