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Graphdiyne as a saturable absorber for 2-μm all-solid-state Q-switched laser

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  • ReceivedJun 9, 2020
  • AcceptedAug 11, 2020
  • PublishedOct 9, 2020

Abstract


Funding

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(11974220,61635012,61875138,61961136001,U1801254)

and the State Key Research Development Program of China(2019YFB2203503)


Acknowledgment

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11974220, 61635012, 61875138, 61961136001, and U1801254), and the State Key Research Development Program of China (2019YFB2203503).


Interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Contributions statement

Zu Y designed and conducted the experiments; Guo J synthesized and characterized the sample; Zu Y wrote the paper; Hao Q, Zhang F and Wang C supervised the project and analyzed the results; Liu J and Wang B supported and guided in whole work. All authors contributed to the general discussion.


Author information

Yuqian Zu received her BSc degree from Shandong Normal University in 2016. She is currently pursuing her PhD degree in optics under the supervision of Prof. Jie Liu at the School of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University. Her research interests include diode-pumped all-solid-state laser and laser materials.


Jia Guo received his MSc degree from Shandong Normal University in 2018. He is currently pursuing his PhD degree under the supervision of Prof. Han Zhang at the College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University. His research interests include two-dimensional material-based fiber lasers, modulator, and nonlinear optics.


Jie Liu received her BSc degree from Shandong University in 1984. Currently, she is a professor at the School of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University. Her current research includes all-solid-state laser technology and devices and nonlinear optics.


Bing Wang received her PhD degree in physics from Sun Yat-sen University in 2007. Currently, she is an associate professor at the College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shen-zhen University. Her scientific research includes 2D semiconductors optoelectronic properties and applications.


References

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  • Figure 1

    (a) GDY film prepared on quartz substrate. (b) AFM image, (c) typical height profiles, (d) HRTEM image, (e) Raman spectrum and (f) high-resolution XPS spectrum of GDY.

  • Figure 2

    (a, b) Transmission spectra, and (c) nonlinear transmittance and (d) Z-scan curves of GDY-SA.

  • Figure 3

    Scheme of the Q-switched Tm:YLF laser based on the GDY-SA.

  • Figure 4

    Output performance of the Tm:YLF laser with different OCs. (a) CW output power vs. absorbed pump power. (b) CW laser spectrum. (c) Q-switched output power vs. absorbed pump power. (d) Q-switched laser spectrum.

  • Figure 5

    (a) Pulse width, (b) repetition rate, (c) single pulse energy, and (d) peak power as functions of absorbed pump power with different OCs.

  • Figure 6

    (a) Q-switched temporal pulse profile and trains at different timescales under the maxium absorbed pump power with OC of 5%. (b) Typical Q-switched pulse trains recorded at 10 μs/div under different absorbed pump powers of T = 5% OC.

  • Table 1   Experimental results of the Q-switched Tm:YLF laser based on GDY-SA

    OC

    Max. output power (W)

    Pulse width (μs)

    Repetition rate (kHz)

    Single pulse energy (μJ)

    Peak power (W)

    T = 2%

    1.15

    3.340

    66.45

    17.26

    5.17

    T = 5%

    1.29

    2.207

    91.58

    23.08

    10.46

    T = 10%

    1.19

    2.035

    105

    11.30

    5.55

  • Table 2   Summary of some passively Q-switched laser output performances based on 2D materials

    SA

    Crystal

    Wavelength (nm)

    Typical Q-switched laser parameters

    Ref.

    Output power (W)

    Pulse width (μs)

    Repetition rate (kHz)

    Pulse energy (μJ)

    Peak power (W)

    GO

    Tm:YLF

    1928.23

    0.379

    1.038

    38.33

    9.89

    9.53

    [42]

    ReSe2

    Tm:YLF

    1906.5

    0.18

    1.61

    28.78

    6.25

    3.88

    [43]

    InSe

    Tm:YLF

    1985

    0.205

    0.21

    121

    1.7

    8.1

    [44]

    SnSe2

    Tm:YLF

    1871.8

    0.113

    0.716

    54.6

    2.07

    2.89

    [45]

    Ta2NiS5

    Tm:BYF

    1910

    1.1

    0.313

    50

    22

    71

    [46]

    Ag-NR

    Tm:CaF2

    1935.4

    0.385

    3.1

    9.3

    41.4

    13.3

    [47]

    G

    Tm:YAP

    2013.5

    0.362

    0.735

    42.4

    8.5

    11.56

    [10]

    G

    Tm:YAG

    2011

    0.038

    2.08

    27.9

    1.74

    0.84

    [11]

    γ-GY

    Tm:YAP

    1932

    0.354

    0.862

    76

    4.7

    5.5

    [37]

    GDY

    Tm:YLF

    1908.41

    1.29

    2.207

    91.58

    23.08

    10.46

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