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Ultrasonic-assisted plastic flow in a Zr-based metallic glass

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  • ReceivedApr 29, 2020
  • AcceptedMay 26, 2020
  • PublishedAug 21, 2020

Abstract


Funding

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51631003,51871157,51601038)

the Key Basic and Applied Research Program of Guangdong Province

China(2019B030302010)

the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province

China(BK20171354)

the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2242020K40002)

the Research and Practice Innovation Program for Postgraduates in Jiangsu Province(SJCX20_0038)

and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Advanced Metallic Materials(BM2007204)


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51631003, 51871157 and 51601038), the Key Basic and Applied Research Program of Guangdong Province, China (2019B030302010), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (BK20171354), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2242020K40002), the Research and Practice Innovation Program for Postgraduates in Jiangsu Province (SJCX20_0038), and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Advanced Metallic Materials (BM2007204).


Interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Contributions statement

Yuan C, Lv Z, and Ma J planned the experimental work. Li X and Yang C carried out the sample preparation and ultrasonic-vibration experiments. Lv Z carried out the nanoindentation experiments. Pang C carried out SEM and DSC measurements. Yuan C, Lv Z, Liu R, Pang C, and Ke H analyzed the experimental data. Yuan C wrote the paper with input and advice from Ke H, Wang W, and Shen B.


Author information

Chenchen Yuan received her MSc degree from Northeastern University, Shenyang, China, in 2009, and PhD degree from the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2013. She is currently an associate professor at Southeast University, Nanjing, China. Her research interests focus on the electronic/atomic structure and its relationship with the mechanical properties of metallic glasses.


Haibo Ke received his PhD degree from the Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2012. He is currently a research professor in Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan, China. His research interests focus on the glass transition and structure relaxation behavior of metallic glasses.


Baolong Shen received his MSc degree from Shanghai Research Institute of Materials, Shanghai, China, in 1991, and PhD degree from Himeji Institute of Technology, Japan, in 1999. He is currently a professor at Southeast University, Nanjing, China. His research interests focus on the structure and related properties (magnetism, mechanics, etc.) of ferromagnetic bulk amorphous alloys.


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  • Figure 1

    DSC curves of the ultrasonic-vibrated Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG with the applied energy of 140 J at a heating rate of 20 K min−1. The data for the as-cast sample were plotted for comparison. The inset shows the enthalpy recovery measurement.

  • Figure 2

    Creep behaviors of the Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG samples. (a, b) Load–displacement (P–h) curves under different loading rates of the as-cast (a), and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (b) samples. The curves in (a) and (b) offset from the origin for clear viewing. (c, d) The creep displacement of the as-cast (c) and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (d) samples during load holding period under different rates.

  • Figure 3

    AFM images of the as-cast (a, b) and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (c, d) Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MGs after nanoindentation at a loading rate of5 mN s−1. The cross profile of the indents after nanoindentation for the as-cast (e) and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (f) samples.

  • Figure 4

    (a) The typical experimental and fitted creep curves of the as-cast Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG at a loading rate of 5 mN s−1 by using the Kelvin model. (b) The ln(strain rate)–ln(stress) plot. (c) Steady-state stress exponent, n, of the as-cast and ultrasonic-oscillated MGs as a function of indentation loading rates. The solid lines are guides for the eyes.

  • Figure 5

    The creep displacement and fitting curves of the as-cast (a) and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (b) Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MGs by using the Maxwell-Voigt model during the load holding period at different loading rates. (c) The typical experimental and fitted creep curves of the as-cast sample at a loading rate of 5 mN s−1 by using the Maxwell-Voigt model. (d) The typical relaxation time spectra of the samples before and after vibration at a loading rate of 50 mN s−1. Relaxation time spectra of the as-cast (e) and 140 J (f) ultrasonic-vibrated samples based on the anelastic part of creep curves at different loading rates.

  • Figure 6

    Thermodynamic and kinetic characteristic parameters of the Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG samples. DSC traces of the as-cast (a) and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (b) MGs at heating rates ranging from 5 to 40 K min−1. Kissinger plots of the as-cast (c) and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated (d) MG samples to calculate the activation energies relative to Tg, Tx, and Tp, respectively, and the fragility parameter m.

  • Table 1   Thermal parameters of the as-cast and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG samples

    Tg (K)

    Tx (K)

    ΔT (K)

    ΔH (kJ mol−1)

    Eg(kJ mol−1)

    Ex(kJ mol−1)

    Ep (kJ mo−1)

    k0g (s−1)

    k0x (s−1)

    k0p (s−1)

    As-cast

    575

    726

    151

    7.455

    265

    188

    179

    3.95×1022

    4.72×1011

    6.48×1010

    140 J

    577

    729

    152

    7.552

    285

    174

    194

    2.57×1024

    4.41×1010

    9.29×1011

  • Table 2   Hardness H and elastic modulus E of the as-cast and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG samples at different loading rates

    Loading rate (mN s−1)

    H (GPa)

    E (GPa)

    As-cast

    140 J

    As-cast

    140 J

    1

    6.15±0.33

    6.56±0.35

    106.90±1.65

    107.24±3.25

    5

    6.20±0.21

    6.12±0.13

    106.00±1.63

    103.69±1.52

    10

    6.05±0.09

    6.22±0.24

    105.54±1.05

    104.58±2.46

    50

    5.86±0.07

    6.14±0.20

    109.55±1.63

    107.84±2.22

    100

    5.27±0.23

    5.69±0.27

    118.07±2.57

    115.22±4.27

  • Table 3   The fitting parameters of creep curves of the as-cast and 140 J ultrasonic-vibrated Zr35Ti30Cu8.25Be26.75 MG samples based on the Maxwell-Voigt model

    Sample

    Loading rate (mN s−1)

    h1 (nm)

    τ1 (s)

    h2 (nm)

    τ2 (s)

    μ0−1(nm s−1)

    As-cast

    1

    1.01±0.34

    1.61±1.19

    5.91±0.53

    22.91±4.55

    0.086±0.007

    5

    3.37±0.22

    0.58±0.17

    9.58±0.39

    19.86±1.70

    0.160±0.005

    10

    3.65±0.27

    0.96±0.22

    10.54±0.36

    19.21±1.55

    0.108±0.005

    50

    4.55±0.29

    1.23±0.21

    11.83±0.46

    21.63±1.85

    0.148±0.006

    100

    4.56±0.24

    1.16±0.17

    11.07±0.52

    23.68±2.10

    0.131±0.006

    140 J

    1

    3.23±0.31

    1.36±0.34

    6.29±0.67

    24.37±4.92

    0.103±0.008

    5

    4.79±0.30

    1.17±0.21

    9.86±0.69

    24.17±3.15

    0.102±0.009

    10

    4.71±0.33

    1.61±0.24

    10.63±0.43

    21.71±2.11

    0.144±0.006

    50

    7.03±0.27

    1.50±0.15

    15.83±1.28

    31.73±3.51

    0.146±0.013

    100

    5.77±0.23

    1.09±0.24

    12.56±0.71

    26.31±2.43

    0.173±0.008

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