logo

MXene (Ti2NTx): Synthesis, characteristics and application as a thermo-optical switcher for all-optical wavelength tuning laser

More info
  • ReceivedApr 10, 2020
  • AcceptedMay 22, 2020
  • PublishedJul 17, 2020

Abstract


Funding

the State Key Research Development Program of China(2019YFB2203503)

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61435010,61575089,61705140,61805146)

and the Science and Technology Innovation Commission of Shenzhen(JCYJ20180305125141661,JCYJ20180307164612205,GJHZ20180928160209731)


Acknowledgment

This research was supported by the State Key Research Development Program of China (2019YFB2203503), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61435010, 61575089, 61705140 and 61805146), and the Science and Technology Innovation Commission of Shenzhen (JCYJ20180305125141661, JCYJ20180307164612205, and GJHZ20180928160209731). The authors also acknowledge the support from the Instrumental Analysis Center of Shenzhen University (Xili Campus).


Interest statement

These authors declare no conflict of interest.


Contributions statement

Xu J and Huang W fabricated the samples; Wang C, Wang Y and Song Y performed the experiments; Wang C and Xu J wrote the paper with support from Zhang H, Liu J and Huang W. All authors contributed to the general discussion.


Author information

Cong Wang received his BSc degree at Shandong Normal University in 2019. Now he is a doctoral student at Shenzhen University. His research interest focuses on the 2D nanomaterials, optical modulator and nonlinear optics.


Weichun Huang received his BSc degree in chemistry at Soochow University in 2012, and then he pursued his PhD degree in polymer chemistry and physics at Soochow University (2017). From 2017 to 2019, he worked as a postdoctoral fellow in Prof. Han Zhang’s group at Shenzhen University. Then, he worked as a full professor at Nantong University. His research interest focuses on the synthesis and applications of 2D nanomaterials.


References

[1] Jin L, Li R, Niu L, et al. Ultrafine frequency linearly tunable single-frequency fiber laser based on intracavity active tuning. IEEE Photonics J, 2020, 121-6 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[2] Guay P, Genest J, Michaud-Belleau V, et al. Single-frequency mid-infrared waveguide laser. Opt Express, 2019, 2733737-33744 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[3] Herr SJ, Buse K, Breunig I. Tunable single-frequency lasing in a microresonator. Opt Express, 2019, 2715351-15358 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[4] Yin T, Song Y, Jiang X, et al. 400 mW narrow linewidth single-frequency fiber ring cavity laser in 2 mm waveband. Opt Express, 2019, 2715794-15799 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[5] Sun Z, Jiang X, Wen Q, et al. Single frequency fiber laser based on an ultrathin metal–organic framework. J Mater Chem C, 2019, 74662-4666 CrossRef Google Scholar

[6] Delgado-Pinar M, Mora J, Diez A, et al. Wavelength-switchable fiber laser using acoustic waves. IEEE Photon Technol Lett, 2005, 17552-554 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[7] Huang L, Chang P, Song X, et al. Tunable in-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer driven by unique acoustic transducer and its application in tunable multi-wavelength laser. Opt Express, 2016, 242406-2412 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[8] Kim CS, Farokhrooz FN, Kang JU. Electro-optic wavelength-tunable fiber ring laser based on cascaded composite Sagnac loop filters. Opt Lett, 2004, 291677-1679 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[9] Song YW, Havstad SA, Starodubov D, et al. 40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG. IEEE Photon Technol Lett, 2001, 131167-1169 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[10] Wang Y, Zhang F, Tang X, et al. All-optical phosphorene phase modulator with enhanced stability under ambient conditions. Laser Photonics Rev, 2018, 121800016 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[11] Song Y, Liang Z, Jiang X, et al. Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability. 2D Mater, 2017, 4045010 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[12] Zheng J, Yang Z, Si C, et al. Black phosphorus based all-optical-signal-processing: toward high performances and enhanced stability. ACS Photonics, 2017, 41466-1476 CrossRef Google Scholar

[13] Wang C, Wang Y, Jiang X, et al. MXene Ti3C2T x: A promising photothermal conversion material and application in all-optical modulation and all-optical information loading. Adv Opt Mater, 2019, 71900060 CrossRef Google Scholar

[14] Gan X, Zhao C, Wang Y, et al. Graphene-assisted all-fiber phase shifter and switching. Optica, 2015, 2468-471 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[15] Wu K, Guo C, Wang H, et al. All-optical phase shifter and switch near 1550 nm using tungsten disulfide (WS2) deposited tapered fiber. Opt Express, 2017, 2517639-17649 CrossRef ADS arXiv Google Scholar

[16] Zheng J, Tang X, Yang Z, et al. Few-layer phosphorene-decorated microfiber for all-optical thresholding and optical modulation. Adv Opt Mater, 2017, 51700026 CrossRef Google Scholar

[17] Wang Y, Huang W, Zhao J, et al. A bismuthene-based multifunctional all-optical phase and intensity modulator enabled by photothermal effect. J Mater Chem C, 2019, 7871-878 CrossRef Google Scholar

[18] Pandey RP, Rasool K, Abdul Rasheed P, et al. Reductive sequestration of toxic bromate from drinking water using lamellar two-dimensional Ti3C2TX (MXene). ACS Sustain Chem Eng, 2018, 67910-7917 CrossRef Google Scholar

[19] Er D, Li J, Naguib M, et al. Ti3C2 MXene as a high capacity electrode material for metal (Li, Na, K, Ca) ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2014, 611173-11179 CrossRef Google Scholar

[20] Wang F, Yang CH, Duan CY, et al. An organ-like titanium carbide material (MXene) with multilayer structure encapsulating hemoglobin for a mediator-free biosensor. J Electrochem Soc, 2015, 162B16-B21 CrossRef Google Scholar

[21] Jiang X, Liu S, Liang W, et al. Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH). Laser Photonics Rev, 2018, 121700229-1700239 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[22] Zhu M, Huang Y, Deng Q, et al. Highly flexible, freestanding supercapacitor electrode with enhanced performance obtained by hybridizing polypyrrole chains with MXene. Adv Energy Mater, 2016, 61600969 CrossRef Google Scholar

[23] Jhon YI, Koo J, Anasori B, et al. Metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers. Adv Mater, 2017, 291702496 CrossRef Google Scholar

[24] Lei JC, Zhang X, Zhou Z. Recent advances in MXene: preparation, properties, and applications. Front Phys, 2015, 10276-286 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[25] Anasori B, Lukatskaya MR, Gogotsi Y. 2D metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) for energy storage. Nat Rev Mater, 2017, 216098 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[26] Lai S, Jeon J, Jang SK, et al. Surface group modification and carrier transport properties of layered transition metal carbides (Ti2CTx, T: –OH, –F and –O). Nanoscale, 2015, 719390-19396 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[27] Ivashchenko VI, Turchi PEA, Shevchenko VI, et al. First-principles study of phase stability of Ti2N under pressure. Phys Rev B, 2012, 86064109 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[28] Zhang CJ, Pinilla S, McEvoy N, et al. Oxidation stability of colloidal two-dimensional titanium carbides (MXenes). Chem Mater, 2017, 294848-4856 CrossRef Google Scholar

[29] Urbankowski P, Anasori B, Makaryan T, et al. Synthesis of two-dimensional titanium nitride Ti4N3 (MXene). Nanoscale, 2016, 811385-11391 CrossRef ADS Google Scholar

[30] Soundiraraju B, George BK. Two-dimensional titanium nitride (Ti2N) MXene: Synthesis, characterization, and potential application as surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate. ACS Nano, 2017, 118892-8900 CrossRef Google Scholar

[31] Yu S, Zeng Q, Oganov AR, et al. Phase stability, chemical bonding and mechanical properties of titanium nitrides: a first-principles study. Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2015, 1711763-11769 CrossRef ADS arXiv Google Scholar

[32] Lin ZJ, Zhuo MJ, Li MS, et al. Synthesis and microstructure of layered-ternary Ti2AlN ceramic. Scripta Mater, 2007, 561115-1118 CrossRef Google Scholar

  • Figure 1

    Characterizations of the as-fabricated Ti2NTx nanosheets. (a) FESEM image of the etched Ti2AlN. (b) low-magnification TEM image; (c) HRTEM image (inset is the SAED pattern); (d) AFM image of exfoliated Ti2NTx nanosheets. (e, f) Height profiles along the lines in (d). (g) UV-visible spectrum of the Ti2NTx nanosheets dispersion.

  • Figure 2

    (a) The Ti2NTx-deposited microfiber and infrared thermogram. (b) The experimental setup of AOM.

  • Figure 3

    Experimental results of the all-optical phase modulator. (a) The interferometric spectrum. (b) Output spectrum at different powers. (c) Phase shift and wavelength shift versus control light powers.

  • Figure 4

    (a) Experimental setup of the wavelength tuning laser based on AOM. (b) Output spectrum without AOM. (c) Output spectrum on different pump powers. (d) Center wavelength versus pump power. (e) The spectral width and side-mode suppression ratio at different wavelengths.

  • Figure 5

    (a) The measured interferometric spectrum. (b) Typical laser spectrum at the control light power of 0 mW. (c) Laser spectra obtained at different control light powers. (d) Typical laser spectrum at the control light power of 20 mW.

qqqq

Contact and support