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Mass transport through metal organic framework membranes

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  • ReceivedJan 24, 2018
  • AcceptedMar 21, 2018
  • PublishedApr 16, 2018

Abstract


Funded by

Key Program of National Natural Science and Foundation(51632008)

Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China(LD18E020001)

the National Natural Science Foundations of China(21671171)


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (51632008), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation (LD18E020001) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21671171).


Interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Contributions statement

Guo Y searched the references and wrote the paper. Peng X designed the outlines and modified the manuscript. Both authors contributed to the general discussion.


Author information

Yi Guo currently is a PhD candidate at the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University. His research interest mainly focuses on the design and synthesis of MOF membranes with ionic conductivity and their applications for energy transformation and storage.


Xinsheng Peng received his PhD in 2003 at the Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He became a full professor at the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University in 2010. His research interest focuses on the design and synthesis of functional membranes and controlled mass transportation in energy and environmental science.


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  • Figure 1

    The illustrations of direct growth of MOF membranes. (a) The direct solvothermal approach for fabricating ZIF-9 membranes on APTES-modified α-Al2O3 disk, and (b) the corresponding SEM image of the ZIF-9 membrane. Reproduced from Ref. [94] with permission from the American Chemical Society, Copyright 2016. (c, e) The interfacial microfluidic process for fabrication of ZIF-8 membranes on the inner side of hollow fibers, and (d, f) the corresponding SEM images of the ZIF-8 membrane. (c, d) Reproduced from Ref. [95] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2016. (e, f) Reproduced from Ref. [96] with permission from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Copyright 2014.

  • Figure 2

    The illustrations of secondary growth or seeding procedure of MOF membranes. (a) The illustration of reactive seeds prepared by the conversion of metal compounds, and (b) the corresponding SEM image of the ZIF-8 membrane. (a, b) Reproduced from Ref. [104] with permission from the Royal Society of Chemistry, Copyright 2015. (c) The schematic diagram of dip-coating method for preparing MOF seeds onto the substrates, and (d) the corresponding SEM image of the Ni-MB membrane. (c, d) Reproduced from Ref. [99] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2016.

  • Figure 3

    (a) The 2D Zn-TCP(Fe) MOF membrane prepared by vacuum filtration. Reproduced from Ref. [106] with permission from American Chemical Society, Copyright 2017. (b) The 2D Zn2(Bim)3 membrane fabricated through hot-drop coating method. Reproduced from Ref. [107] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2017.

  • Figure 4

    The illustrations of solid conversion method of preparing MOF membranes. (a) The HKUST-1 membranes prepared by conversion of CuO NSs film; (b) the corresponding SEM image of the HKUST-1 membrane. (a, b) Reproduced from Ref. [112] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2016. (c) The ZIF-8 membranes prepared by conversion of ZHNs film, and (d) the corresponding SEM image of the ZIF-8 membrane. (c, d) Reproduced from Ref. [114] with permission from the Royal Society of Chemistry, Copyright 2014.

  • Figure 5

    The schematic diagram of MOF membranes with introduction of various components through solid conversion method. (a) The growing process of MOF membranes with encapsulation of functional species via solid conversion method. (b) The HKUST-1 membranes with encapsulation of PSS, and (c) the corresponding SEM image of the PSS@HKUST-1 membranes. (b, c) Reproduced from Ref. [116] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2016. (d) The ZIF-8 membranes with encapsulation of DNA; (e) the corresponding SEM image of the ZIF-8 membranes. (d, e) Reproducd from Ref. [79] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2018.

  • Figure 6

    The crystal structures of (a) ZIF-8 and (b) ZIF-7. The entrance size of ZIF-7 is 3 Å and the entrance size of ZIF-8 is 3.4 Å.

  • Figure 7

    (a) The pore entrance fluctuation of UiO-66 by the 3 orientable benzene rings performing flips around the C2 symmetry axis. Reproduced from Ref. [126] with permission from American Chemical Society, Copyright 2017. (b) The zig-zag pathway of gas transport in MIL-96(Al) membranes. Reproduced from Ref. [101] with permission from American Chemical Society, Copyright 2016. (c) The illustration of different pore entrance sizes of different facets and corresponding gas permeances of membranes with different morphologies. Reproduced from Ref. [110] with permission from American Chemical Society, Copyright 2014.

  • Figure 8

    (a) The decoration of azobenzene group on the ligand of the F2AzoBDC. Reproduced from Ref. [127] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2017. (b) The encapsulation of azobenzene molecules in the cavities of UiO-67. Reproduced from Ref. [128] with permission from the American Chemical Society, Copyright 2017.

  • Figure 9

    The schematic diagram of H2 and CO2 molecules transport through the 2D Zn2(Bim)3 membranes. Reproduced from Ref. [107] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2017.

  • Figure 10

    The crystal structures of (a) Mg-MOF-74 and (b) that after post-modified by ethylenediamine. Reproduced from Ref. [133] with permission from Elsevier, Copyright 2015.

  • Figure 11

    Gas transport mechanism through MOF membranes (a) under low CO2 partial pressure and (b) under high CO2 partial pressure. Reproduced from Ref. [139] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2016.

  • Figure 12

    (a) Gas molecules transport through the ZIF-8/MGO membrane. Reproduced from Ref. [141] with permission from the Royal Society of Chemistry, Copyright 2017. (b) The structure of [Ni(L-asp)2(bpe)]·(G) with bpe moelcules in the cavities. Reproduced from Ref. [142] with permission from the Royal Society of Chemistry, Copyright 2017. (c) The gas transport and catalysis process through the Au NPs/HKUST-1 membranes. Reproduced from Ref. [115] with permission from Springer Nature, Copyright 2014.

  • Figure 13

    The illustrations of pervaporation of MOF membranes. (a) The separation of water and organics by UiO-66 membranes. Reproduced from Ref. [92] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2017. (b) The seawater desalination process of ZIF-8 membranes. Reproduced from Ref. [93] with permission from Elsevier, Copyright 2016.

  • Figure 14

    (a) The separation of water and dye molecules by the 2D Zn-TCP(Fe) membrane. Reproduced from Ref. [106] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2017. (b) The separation of water and ions by UiO-66 membranes. Reproduced from Ref. [147] with permission from American Chemical Society, Copyright 2015.

  • Figure 15

    (a) The schematic diagram of ions transport through the PSS@HKUST-1 membrane. Reproduced from Ref. [116] with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2016. (b) The illustration of proton transport through the DNA@ZIF-8 membrane. Reproduced from Ref. 79 with permission from John Wiley and Sons, Copyright 2018.

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