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SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences, Volume 63 , Issue 12 : 222401(2020) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-020-3058-2

Narrow bandwidth fiber-optic spectral combs for renewable hydrogen detection

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  • ReceivedMay 21, 2020
  • AcceptedSep 3, 2020
  • PublishedNov 12, 2020

Abstract


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 62035006, 61722505, 61975068, 62005101), Key Program of the Guangdong Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2018B030311006), Guangdong Outstanding Scientific Innovation Foundation (Grant No. 2019TX05X383), Program of the China Scholarship Council (Grant No. 201806780010), and Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS) (Grant No. O001518F).


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  • Figure 1

    (Color online) (a) The schematic of TFBG in terms of cut-off surface resonance hydrogen sensing principle;protect łinebreak (b) the sketch of hydrogen-induced phase transition from metal state to metal hydride state over palladium-gold alloy protect łinebreak nanocoating.

  • Figure 2

    (Color online) (a) Simulation of the cut-off mode's energy distribution when TFBG with and without Pd-Au alloy coating in S-polarized light. The inlay highlight enlarged detail of the energy distribution on the surface of the alloy layer. (b) Photograph of the Pd-Au alloy coated fiber-optic sensor. Inset: cross-section of the cut-off mode's energy distribution.

  • Figure 3

    (Color online) Transmission spectra of bare $37^\circ$ TFBG as a function of SRI (offset on the vertical scale, and the cut-off position is marked by the red asterisk).

  • Figure 4

    (Color online) The setup to clarify the sensing characteristics of the sensor in the hydrogen environment.

  • Figure 5

    (Color online) (a) The transmitted amplitude spectra of a bare TFBG and Pd-Au alloy nanocoated TFBG in air; (b) the enlarged detail of the cut-off surface mode resonance when a sensor is exposed to pure air to air with 2% hydrogen and a schematic cross-section of cut-off mode's optical field distribution for the Pd-Au alloy nanocoated TFBG; (c) the core mode used as for temperature elimination.

  • Figure 6

    (Color online) Sensor's response time for hydrogen detection with pure Pd and Pd-Au alloy nanocoatings.

  • Figure 7

    (Color online) Sensor's repeatability in the hydrogen cycling detection with pure Pd and Pd-Au alloy nanocoatings, respectively.

  • Figure 8

    (Color online) (a) Sensing response of hydrogen with the concentration range from 0%–2% in volume; (b) the linear response of the sensor.

  • Figure 9

    (Color online) Morphology of the nanocoatings (a) pure Pd, (b) Pd-Au alloy after the sensor is exposed to the presence of the hydrogen, and (c) X-ray diffractograms of coating materials over the fiber.