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Chinese Science Bulletin, Volume 63 , Issue 36 : 3911-3919(2018) https://doi.org/10.1360/N972018-00612

Viruses in the deep biosphere: A review

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  • ReceivedJun 21, 2018
  • AcceptedJul 31, 2018
  • PublishedAug 27, 2018

Abstract


Funded by

国家自然科学基金(41522603)

国家自然科学基金(31570172)

青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室项目(QNLM2016ORP0303)

中国大洋矿产资源研究开发协会项目(DY135-E2-1-04)


Acknowledgment

感谢中国科学院微生物研究所黄力研究员、中国地质大学(北京)董海良教授和中国地质大学(武汉)谢树成教授的建议和讨论.


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  • Figure 1

    Sampling sites for virus research in deep biosphere. Voyage(Sites): ODP Leg 169S(1033B, 1034B)[9]; IODP 307(U1317)[10]; ODP Leg 201(1225, 1226, 1227, 1228, 1229, 1230, 1231)[11]; IODP 329(U1365, U1366, U1367, U1368, U1369, U1370, U1371), IODP 323(U1344)[13]; ODP Leg 204(1251), IODP 308(U1320A, U1320B)[12]; IODP 327(1364A, 1362B)[14]. Picture made by Ocean Data View(ODV)

  • Figure 2

    Abundance of viruses (a) and prokaryotes (b) and VPR (c) in deep biosphere. Data from that surface sediment of the Subtropical Pearl River Estuary(diamond)[16], ODP Leg 201[11], IODP Exp 329, IODP Leg 323[13], ODP Leg 204, U1320A, U1324B, C9001[12], IODP 327[14]

  • Figure 3

    Morphologies of viruses observed in basalt-hosted crustal fluid. (a–h) Electron micrographs of particles harvested from borehole U1362A revealed tailed viruses similar to members of the order Caudovirales (a and b), untailed viruses (c), lemon-shaped viruses resembling members of the family Bicaudaviridae or Fuselloviridae (d), rod-shaped viruses resembling members of the family Rudiviridae (e), and other particles resembling filamentous (f) or spindle-shaped (g) viruses isolated from Archaea. Bilobate structures in the viral size range (h) were repeatedly observed, but they were unlike any classified viruses. These might represent a novel virus or may be membrane vesicles. Bars, 100 nm[14]