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SCIENTIA SINICA Vitae, Volume 46 , Issue 4 : 468-474(2016) https://doi.org/10.1360/N052016-00126

Agriculture Driving Male Expansion in Neolithic Time

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  • ReceivedJan 18, 2016
  • AcceptedMar 1, 2016

Abstract


Funding

国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金(31222030)

教育部科学技术研究项目(113022A)

上海市教育委员会曙光计划(14SG05)


References

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  • 图 1

    人类Y染色体的系统发育树

  • 图 2

    Y染色体与线粒体的BSP显示了相应时间的男性与女性的有效群体大小

  • 表 1   依据BSP计算的人口增长速率

    农业起源时间(年)

    群体

    Y染色体

    线粒体

    增长时段(年)

    增长速率(%)

    最快增长时段(年)

    该时段最大增长速率(%)

    增长时段(年)

    增长速率(%)

    最快增长时段(年)

    该时段最大增长速率(%)

    非洲

    5000~4000

    ASW

    5700~470

    0.0472%

    3820~3340

    0.1842%

    25000~7000

    0.0052%

    20380~19600

    0.0111%

    LWK

    6480~3990,

    2990~500

    0.0196%, 0.1247%

    2000~1500

    0.4004%

    29600~9600

    0.0013%

    22400~21600

    0.0025%

    YRI

    6200~340

    0.0678%

    3100~2760

    0.2626%

    12100~0

    0.0178%

    7290~6480

    0.0385%

    欧洲

    9000~6000

    CEU

    4120~310

    0.1002%

    2220~1900

    0.4358%

    13300~650

    0.0258%

    10400~10080

    0.0967%

    FIN

    4480~750

    0.0946%

    2240~1870

    0.4812%

    27200~3300

    0.0061%

    10200~9920

    0.0177%

    GBR

    4600~1060

    0.1300%

    3180~2830

    0.4801%

    12400~1500

    0.0207%

    8000~7700

    0.0722%

    IBS

    6060~2240

    0.0362%

    4490~4260

    0.0967%

    15110~2350

    0.0088%

    12500~12250

    0.0236%

    TSI

    3480~870

    0.1405%

    2610~2180

    0.5424%

    14700~1670

    0.0318%

    11030~10700

    0.1616%

    亚洲

    9000

    CHB

    36300~8890, 8520~5560, 5180~370

    0.0025%, 0.0185%, 0.0488%

    2960~2590

    0.2485%

    35500~720

    0.0141%

    33750~33390, 11500~11130

    0.0619%, 0.0328%

    CHS

    6460~650

    0.0432%

    1940~1610

    0.3434%

    14810~3170

    0.0133%

    34210~33860, 10580~10230

    0.0556%, 0.0471%

    JPT

    4200~840

    0.0896%

    2520~2100

    0.5368%

    6600~350

    0.0148%

    33350~33000, 4170~3820

    0.0366%, 0.0295%

    美洲

    5000~4000

    CLM

    4240~1410

    0.1071%

    3300~2830

    0.3121%

    70000~29100, 1500~0

    0.0022%, 0.0278%

    1490~750

    0.0281%

    MXL

    6400~460

    0.1554%

    5030~4570

    0.3021%

    11150~3500

    0.0371%

    9240~8920

    0.1684%

    PUR

    3900~430

    0.05117%

    3030~2600

    0.1206%

    55000~23400, 10330~6200

    0.0016%, 0.0057%

    36490~35800

    0.0305%

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