SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences, Volume 61 , Issue 10 : 1357-1368(2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-017-9229-x

Significance of Vibrio species in the marine organic carbon cycle—A review

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  • ReceivedNov 3, 2017
  • AcceptedMay 29, 2018
  • PublishedAug 6, 2018


Funded by

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant,Nos.,91751202,41521064,&,41506154)


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41730530, 91751202, 41476112) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0601303).


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  • Figure 1

    Abundance of Vibrio spp. in different marine environments. Orange colour circles, by culture-based methods; green and dark green (unpublished data from our laboratory) colour circles, by culture-independent methods.

  • Figure 2

    Phylogenetic tree of 115 Vibrio species. Neighbor-Joining phylogeny were reconstructed based on 16S rRNA gene sequences of the type strain of each species. The tree was rooted using Shewanella denitrificans OS217T as an outgroup. The branches were estimated from 1000 bootstrap replicates, and circles at internal nodes indicate bootstrap support greater than 50%; larger circles indicate greater bootstrap values.

  • Figure 3

    Potential action mode of Vibrio species in marine organic carbon cycling. T, temperature; S, salinity; P, phosphate; N, nitrogen salt; Si, silicate; E, extracellular enzyme; POC, particulate organic carbon; DOC, dissolved organic carbon.

  • Table 1   Organic carbon substrates of spp.

    Category of organic carbon

    Specific organic carbon source*


    Chitin, alginic acid, agar, laminarin, starch, xylan, fucoidan, mannan, cellulose and pectin


    Maltose, cellobiose, lactose, salicin, trehalose, sucrose and esculin


    D-glucose, D-mannitol, D-fructose, D-galactose, α-D-fucose, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, D-galacturonate, D-mannitol, D-mannose, L-sorbitol, D-xylose, and myo-inositol

    Small compounds

    Glycerol, ethanol, and acetate

    Other compounds

    Polyhydroxyl alcohol, lipid, lecithin, gelatin, casein, DNA, mucin, and hydrocarbon (alkane and aromatic hydrocarbon)

    * extracted from Farmer et al. (2005); not all Vibrio cultures utilize all the organic carbons in this list

  • Table 2   Representative extracellular hydrolytic enzymes identified from spp.

    Bacterial taxon

    Enzyme and family

    Accession number



    Vibrio sp. V134

    β-Agarase AgaV, GH16


    NA4, NA6

    Zhang and Sun, 2007

    Vibrio sp. PO-303

    β-Agarase AgaB, GH50



    Araki et al., 1998

    Vibrio sp. PO-303

    β-Agarase AgaC, GH118


    NA4, NA6, NA8

    Dong et al., 2006

    Vibrio sp. JT0107

    β-Agarase AgaA, GH86



    Sugano et al., 1993

    Vibrio sp. PO-303

    β-Agarase AgaD, GH16


    NA2, NA

    Dong et al., 2007

    Vibrio sp. F-6

    Agarase AG-a, GH50


    NA4, NA6

    Fu et al., 2008

    Vibrio sp. CN41

    β-Agarase AgaACN4, GH50


    DP4, DP6, DP8

    Liao et al., 2011

    V. campbellii HY01

    β-glucosidase (laminarinase) LamN, GH3



    Wang et al., 2015

    Vibrio sp. G21

    endo-β-1,4-glucanase Cel5A, GH5



    Gao et al., 2010

    Vibrio sp. MA-138

    β-1,4-mannanase Man5C, GH5



    Tanaka et al., 2009

    V. parahaemolyticus KN1699

    chitinase Pa-Chi, GH18



    Kadokura et al., 2007

    V. cholerae E1

    chitinase ChiA, GH18



    Connell et al., 1998

    V. harveyi BB7

    chitinase ChiA, GH18



    Svitil et al., 1997

    V. proteolyticus 442

    chitinase ChiA, GH18



    Itoi et al., 2007

    V. proteolyticus NBRC 13287

    chitinase (reducing end-specific), GH19



    Honda et al., 2008

    V. furnissii NCTC 11218

    chitodextrinase EndoI, GH18


    (GlcNAc)2, (GlcNAc)3

    Keyhani and Roseman, 1996

    V. harveyi 650

    β-N-acetylglucosaminidases, GH20



    Suginta et al., 2010

    V. carchariae (=V. harveyi) LMG7890T

    endochitinase A, GH18



    Suginta et al., 2004

    Vibrio sp. AX-4

    β-1,3-xylanase Xyl4, GH26



    Kiyohara et al., 2005

    Vibrio sp. XY-214

    endo-1,3-β-xylanase TxyA, GH26



    Araki et al., 2000

    Vibrio sp. W13

    alginate lyase Algb, PL7



    Zhu et al., 2015

    V. algivorus sp. SA2T

    polysaccharide-decomposing enzyme AlyB, PL7



    Doi et al., 2017

    Vibrio sp. SY08

    alginate lyase AlySY08, PL7



    Li et al., 2016

    Vibrio sp. NJU-03

    alginate lyase AlgNJU-03, PL7



    Zhu et al., 2018

    Vibrio. sp. QD-5

    alginate lyase Aly-IV, PL7



    Chao et al., 2017

    GH, glycosidic hydrolase; NA2, neoagarobiose; NA4, neoagarotetraose; NA6, neoagarohexaose; NA8, neoagarohexaose; GlcNAc, β-d-N-acetylglucosaminyl; M1-5: mannose, mannobiose, mannotriose, mannotetraose, and mannopentaose; X1-3: xylobiose, xylotriose and xylotetraose; PL: polysaccharide lyase family; DP: oligosaccharides with low degree of polymerization; UAD: unsaturated alginate disaccharides