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SCIENCE CHINA Chemistry, Volume 61 , Issue 12 : 1609-1618(2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s11426-018-9320-3

High-efficiency quaternary polymer solar cells enabled with binary fullerene additives to reduce nonfullerene acceptor optical band gap and improve carriers transport

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  • ReceivedJun 21, 2018
  • AcceptedJun 26, 2018
  • PublishedAug 22, 2018

Abstract


Funded by

the National Natural Science Foundation of China(91433202,21773262,21327805,21521062,91227112)

Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB12010200)

Ministry of Science and Technology of China(2013CB933503)

and the US Office of Naval Research(N00014-15-1-2244)


Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91433202, 21773262, 21327805, 21521062, 91227112), Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB12010200), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2013CB933503), and the US Office of Naval Research (N00014-15-1-2244). Parts of this research were conducted at beamline 7.3.3 and 11.0.1.2, and Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, which was sustained by the Department of Energy, Office of Science, and Office of Basic Energy Sciences.


Interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


Supplement

The supporting information is available online at http://Chemscichina.com and http://link.springer.com/journal/11426. The supporting materials are published as submitted, without typesetting or editing. The responsibility for scientific accuracy and content remains entirely with the authors.


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  • Figure 1

    (a, b) Molecular structures of the donor and acceptor materials used for the fabrications of the Q-BHJs. (c) Absorption spectra of the pure donor and acceptor films. (d) Diagrams of the energy levels of the donor and acceptors (color online).

  • Figure 2

    (a) The J-V curves and (b) EQE spectra of the optimal quaternary solar cells and (c) their films’ UV-vis absorption spectra as well (color online).

  • Figure 4

    The RSoXS profiles of the quaternary (a, b) and ternary (c, d) solar cell blends (color online).

  • Figure 5

    TEM images of (a) the host binary, (b, c) the ternary, and (d–g) the four quaternary solar cell blends.

  • Figure 6

    Plots of the (a) Jsc, (b) Voc, and (c) normalized FF of the four quaternary devices with several different light intensities (color online).

  • Table 1   The photovoltaic data with different electron-acceptor materials. The electron-donor material is PBDB-T for all PSCs. All data were obtained under illumination of AM 1.5G light source

    Active layera)

    Voc (V)b)

    Jsc (mA/cm2)b)

    Jsc (mA/cm2)c)

    FFb)

    PCEave (%)b)

    EgEQE (eV)d)

    Eloss (eV)e)

    Q-BHJ1

    0.915±0.006

    17.83±0.27

    17.15

    0.719±0.010

    11.73±0.27 (12.06)

    1.554

    0.639

    Q-BHJ2

    0.916±0.005

    17.85±0.25

    16.92

    0.720±0.011

    11.77±0.31 (12.12)

    1.558

    0.642

    Q-BHJ3

    0.922±0.006

    18.23±0.27

    17.36

    0.721±0.009

    12.12±0.30 (12.47)

    1.550

    0.628

    Q-BHJ4

    0.925±0.007

    18.39±0.26

    17.55

    0.730±0.009

    12.42±0.28 (12.76)

    1.548

    0.623

    T-BHJ1

    0.930±0.005

    16.67±0.25

    15.88

    0.695±0.011

    10.77±0.28 (11.09)

    1.580

    0.650

    T-BHJ2

    0.930±0.007

    16.59±0.26

    15.76

    0.695±0.018

    10.67±0.25 (10.97)

    1.580

    0.650

    T-BHJ3

    0.885±0.005

    17.55±0.27

    16.84

    0.702±0.011

    10.90±0.29 (11.23)

    1.562

    0.677

    T-BHJ4

    0.890±0.005

    17.67±0.26

    16.78

    0.703±0.011

    11.05±0.28 (11.37)

    1.562

    0.672

    PBDB-T:ITIC

    0.897±0.007

    15.81±0.23

    15.49

    0.681±0.010

    9.66±0.24 (9.94)

    1.590

    0.693

    Q-BHJ1: PBDB-T:ITIC:C70-PCBM:C70-ICBA; Q-BHJ2: PBDB-T:ITIC:C70-PCBM:C60-ICBA; Q-BHJ3: PBDB-T:ITIC:C60-PCBM:C70-ICBA; Q-BHJ4: PBDB-T:ITIC:C60-PCBM:C60-ICBA. T-BHJ1: PBDB-T:ITIC:C70-ICBA; T-BHJ2: PBDB-T:ITIC:C60-ICBA; T-BHJ3: PBDB-T:ITIC:C70-PCBM; T-BHJ4: PBDB-T:ITIC:C60-PCBM. b) Average values from 20 devices with the maximum PCE values shown in parentheses. c) Integrated from the EQE spectra from 360 to 900 nm. All are ~5% errors. d) Estimated from the onset at the long wavelength edge (λonsetEQE) of the EQE spectra with equation: EgEQE=1240/λonsetEQE (Figure 3 3(b)). e) Energy loss estimated from the BHJ film’s EgEQE to the device’s Voc (Eloss= EgEQE−eVoc).

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